Paris Fashion Museums: Louvre Mode and Textile, Galliera, Berge-YSL and Pierre Cardin

Paris Fashion Museums: Louvre Mode and Textile, Galliera, Berge-YSL and Pierre Cardin
Musée Galliera photo by D. Suyat. In Paris, where culture and style is a way of life, it’s only fitting that among its smorgasbord of museums, one can find galleries dedicated to fashion. For any fashion devotee, there are several jewels that are not to be missed. Musée Galliera Paris has been the epicenter of western fashion since the 17th century, but it wasn’t until the 1900s that a formal museum for costumes and fashion was established. The Musée Galliera, also known as the Musée de la Mode de la Ville de Paris, comes with a storied past. Its roots began in 1907 when a group of collectors and historians came together to form the Société de l’Histoire du Costume. Lead by Maurice Leloir, the society’s goal was to collect garments, raise funds and win over public interest. The Society amassed a collection of over 2,000 fashion prints, sketches, dresses and suits, including important pieces by the couturiers Charles Worth and Jacques Doucet. Several exhibits were held at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs and Hôtel Madrazzo until the entire collection was donated to the city of Paris in the 1920s. However, all of the Society’s tireless efforts ended as the Second World War began. Thirty years passed before an initiative to establish a fashion museum was restarted. The 2,000-piece collection was relocated from one museum to another until it finally found a home in Musée Galliera in 1977. Today, the same passion and dedication that inspired the Society continues through the creative efforts of Olivier Saillard, the museum’s director and curator. The collection has grown to 90,000 and counts awe-inspiring pieces from the 18th century, some worn by Marie Antoinette, to the present, including Brigitte Bardot’s Dior wedding dress and the famous Givenchy black dress worn by Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffany’s. The museum is currently under renovation and is slated to reopen in 2013. While waiting to unveil the museum’s new look, Mr. Saillard organized two off-site exhibitions this year. One is the highly acclaimed Madame Grès retrospective at the Musée Bourdelle; the other is the 18th century display at the Grand Trianon in Versailles. The program for 2012 has not been announced so please check Musée Galliera for further announcements. Fashion Revolution at the Musée de la Mode de la Ville de Paris. Publicity photo. Musée de la Mode et du Textile (Les arts Décoratifs) With the Musée Galliera’s behemoth collection, its closest rival in Paris would be the Musée de la Mode et du Textile. Located in the Louvre’s Rohan and Marsan wings, the museum boasts an impressive collection of textiles from the 7th century and costumes from the Regency period to the present. This year, the museum drew in crowds to view Ralph Lauren’s car collection, Jean-Paul Goude’s work and the creations of conceptual designer Hussein Chalayan. For 2012, the fashion industry is anticipating the opening of the Louis Vuitton/Marc Jacobs exhibition on March 6. Scheduled to run until September 16, the exhibition will focus on the parallel lives of the two fashion luminaries. It will also shed light on how the brand defined luxury for an entire century while staying relevant as the world saw political and economic changes. Louis Vuitton, the designer, first gained recognition in the public eye when Napoleon III appointed him as the official “layetier” (a trunk maker) for his wife, Empress Eugénie. His namesake label was founded in 1854, and what started as a travel goods company is now one of the leading arbiters of style. The brand has expanded its offerings to ready-to-wear, accessories and books and is helmed under the creative direction of Marc Jacobs. In any given collection, Jacobs infuses layers of references in his creations. His collaborations with contemporary artists Stephen Sprouse, Richard Prince, and Takashi Murakami punctuated the intertwining relationship of art and fashion. Presently, news of collaboration with dot-centric Japanese artist Yayoi Kusama is floating around. YSL’s office display at Fondation Pierre Bergé—Yves Saint Laurent. Publicity photo. Fondation Pierre Bergé–Yves Saint Laurent And speaking of art and fashion, the most iconic expression of fashion’s dialog with art is the Mondrian dress designed by Yves Saint Laurent in the 60s. This dress, among many of his revolutionary designs like the le smoking suit, trapeze dress and safari jacket can be viewed at the Fondation Pierre Bergé‑Yves Saint Laurent. Yves and his partner, Pierre, opened the foundation in 2002 after the Haute Couture department ceased operations. In addition to YSL-focused programs, the exhibition space also pays tribute to contemporary artists like David Hockney,
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